A Fraud: The so-called Constantine Creed

Beware of Propaganda

Propaganda

A quick note to express my gratitude to Roger Pearse, who has exposed the increasingly popular fraud called the “Constantine Creed”.


A Half-Truth

This creed is available on countless websites around the Internet. When I was referred to it, right away suspected that it was bogus and went looking for any kind of credible source for it, or story as to its origins. I eventually found this blog site: Hunting the wild (mis)quotation

I recommend popping over there and having a look at Roger Pearse’s work. In brief, he found where it comes from, and it most certainly is not from Constantine, as so many people claim.

In fact it is from some later time, Pearce says from medieval Greece. The quotation circulating on the Internet has had vital parts snipped from it, which Pearse reconstructs, to demonstrate that it is simply a profession of faith for Jews who converted to Christianity.

Mis-quoted

The wording of it makes plain that there was some enmity between certain Christian and Jewish communities, which is consistent with each proselytising the other. The fully reconstructed denunciation of one, and submission to the other, is therefore (with the parts in green restored by Pearse) rendered:

“I renounce all customs, rites, legalisms, unleavened breads & sacrifices of lambs of the Hebrews, and all other feasts of the Hebrews, sacrifices, prayers, aspersions, purifications, sanctifications and propitiations and fasts, and new moons, and Sabbaths, and superstitions, and hymns and chants and observances and Synagogues, and the food and drink of the Hebrews; in one word, I renounce everything Jewish, legalism, custom and rite; and above all he who is expected by all the Jews in the shape and dress of Christ, I renounce Anti-Christ, and join myself to the true Christ and God.  And I believe in the Father, the Son and the Holy Spirit; the holy and consubstantial and individual Trinity; I profess the dispensation where one of the holy trinity, the Word of God took flesh and became man; … if I pretend to be a Christian and return to Jewish superstition, or shall be found eating with the Jews, or feasting with them, or secretly conversing and condemning the Christian religion instead of openly confuting them and condemning their vain faith, then let the trembling of Gehazi cleave to me, as well as the legal punishments to which I acknowledge myself liable. And may I be anathema in the world to come, and may my soul be set down with Satan and the devils.”  – Pearse

The original text is:

Codex Liturgicus 1

Codex Liturgicus 2Codex Liturgicus Full book available here.

The Misdirected Ire

The mis-quote is normally used in an attempt to imply that Constantine was anti-Semitic, and turned the Christian faith into something anti-Jewish, none of which is true. Constantine could not have cared less whether Christians were eating unleavened bread, for example. What he cared about was people fasting during a celebration.

The Reason for such “anti-Semitic” Creeds

Of course, these days when we say, “anti-Semitic”, we mean a persecution of Jews. That’s not what this creed is. But it is anti-Jewish. That really bothers some people, but it needn’t, if we understand its context and purpose.

In a situation where a Christian community is interacting with a Jewish one, and each is proselytising the other, there comes a need for clearly denouncing the one when converting to the other. One can well imagine that the Jewish community had equally scathing denunciations of Christian claims, like the divinity of Jesus, the Resurrection, the absence of Mosaic regulations, and so forth. We can even surmise from this confession that the key elements would have been the doctrine of the Trinity, phrases like “true Christ”, and the incarnation of Christ.

Not only is it clear from this creed that the Christians were required to renounce Judaism, but also it seems that some people had “pretended” to be Christian, and had gone back to joining the Jewish community. This is how creeds develop – additional parts are added to accommodate new situations. The wording is always very deliberately designed to counter specific claims and practices.

What it isn’t

What is not at stake here, is the Jewish history of Christianity. This is an argument between a Christian community and their contemporary Jewish neighbours, some time in middle history. From some of the very earliest times of the Christian Church, the Jewish community was persecuting Christians (Acts 8:1). When Christian groups became strong (particularly when Christianity became the official religion of the Roman Empire), there was persecution in the opposite direction, too. It came in response to Jewish missionaries attempting to convert Christians to Judaism.

Theologically, however, Christianity is a joining of Jews with Gentiles, under God. Christians have never had any theological reason to persecute Jews.

So then, remember that at one time you Gentiles by birth, called ‘the uncircumcision’ by those who are called ‘the circumcision’—a physical circumcision made in the flesh by human hands— remember that you were at that time without Christ, being aliens from the commonwealth of Israel, and strangers to the covenants of promise, having no hope and without God in the world.

But now in Christ Jesus you who once were far off have been brought near by the blood of Christ. For he is our peace; in his flesh he has made both groups into one and has broken down the dividing wall, that is, the hostility between us. He has abolished the law with its commandments and ordinances, so that he might create in himself one new humanity in place of the two, thus making peace, and might reconcile both groups to God in one body through the cross, thus putting to death that hostility through it.

So he came and proclaimed peace to you who were far off and peace to those who were near; for through him both of us have access in one Spirit to the Father.

So then you are no longer strangers and aliens, but you are citizens with the saints and also members of the household of God, built upon the foundation of the apostles and prophets, with Christ Jesus himself as the cornerstone. In him the whole structure is joined together and grows into a holy temple in the Lord; in whom you also are built together spiritually into a dwelling-place for God.

– Ephesians 2:11-22

Why does it come up?

I have seen this misinformation in connection with groups who insist that Christians should be observing the Covenant of Moses. They claim that the Christian Church was hijacked by Constantine, who turned it into an anti-Semitic corruption of original Christianity.

Of course, that’s just silly. Judaisers were trying to get Christians to be circumcised and observe Moses from the beginning, and Paul’s ministry has this battle as its most prominent theme. The Book of Acts clearly tells the story of Paul and Peter each bringing their reflections on Gentile ministry back to Jerusalem, and the Christian elders there issuing an edict that believers will not be required to submit to the Mosaic Covenant.

Paul’s ministry was constantly working at bringing peace between those who were Jewish and those who were not, within the church. His work continues today, when people start trying again to insist that somehow, a Christian is bound to the Mosaic Covenant, and therefore becomes Jewish.

Fortunately Paul has left us with ample tools to prove that wrong and to promote peace between Jew and Gentile instead, as God had always intended. Blessed are the peacemakers.

 

 


 

facebook comments:

29 Responses so far.

  1. Rob says:

    Act 15:19 “Therefore my judgment is that we don’t trouble those from among the Gentiles who turn to God,
    Act 15:20 but that we write to them that they abstain from the pollution of idols, from sexual immorality, from what is strangled, and from blood.
    Act 15:21 For Moses from generations of old has in every city those who proclaim him, being read in the synagogues every Sabbath.”

    Ever heard a sermon on acts 15 in church??

    • Hi Rob,

      I can’t tell if you’re saying that somehow the Acts 15 Jerusalem meeting contradicts what I’m saying, or whether you’re agreeing with me and offering further textual support.

      In the third-last paragraph I paraphrased the three verses you have quoted here is my paraphrase:

      The Book of Acts clearly tells the story of Paul and Peter each bringing their reflections on Gentile ministry back to Jerusalem, and the Christian elders there issuing an edict that believers will not be required to submit to the Mosaic Covenant.

      The meeting in chapter 15 comes as a result of a dispute about circumcision (Acts 15:1-5). Peter stood up and recounted his experience with Cornelius (Acts 15:6-12), which involved a vision about dietary laws (Acts 10:9-15), in which God counselled him not to call “unclean”, or “profane”, that which God has made. That was a revelation about Gentiles, but also about food. God had, after all, said to Noah, “Every moving thing that lives shall be food for you; and just as I gave you the green plants, I give you everything. Only, you shall not eat flesh with its life, that is, its blood.” (Gen 9:3-4), and only the Israelites were given a more restrictive diet.

      Sexual immorality, eating strangled animals, and eating blood – these are the only matters that the apostles imposed on believers, and they weren’t even precisely from the Mosaic covenant – they more readily refer to Noah’s time. If people wanted to know more about the Sinai covenant, James said, they could go to their local synagogue and learn about it there (Acts 15:21).

      Thanks for your comment!

      • Paul says:

        Kevin, The vision that God gave to Peter was to let him know that the Gentile nation was excepted, because the Jews wold consider them unclean. But as for the dietary laws being changed, that did not happen. Do you believe in a God that is the same yesterday, today and forever? More or less what I am saying is that he doesn’t change. If we say God changed His mind, that is not the God that the Word talks about. An Infinite being can have expressions as an finite being. You may say it was just for the Jews, but I believe that it is for all men. GOD DOES NOT CHANGE.

      • Paul says:

        Sorry Infinite cannot have expressions as a finite being.

      • Hi Paul,

        Thanks for commenting. I’m not sure it’s really on-topic, but allow me to answer your objections:

        1. God does not change, but God most certainly changes his mind. Moses, Abraham, and Jonah would be just a few of the most prominent examples of men who changed God’s mind. God himself said that he changed his mind in those cases!

        2. The food laws that God set for Noah and all his descendants (that’s us), included everything that crawls, walks, etc. – all animals. That covers bacon, too.

        Only the Israelites were given a more restrictive diet, as part of the Sinai Covenant. Before that time, “unclean” simply referred to food unsuitable for sacrifices. God gave the Israelites instructions only to eat food which was suitable for sacrifices. God never instructed anybody else to restrict their diet in that way. Your “beliefs” are your own to keep, and I won’t argue that you should change them – I’m just reporting what the Bible says on the matter.

  2. Paul says:

    Rob, The creed is anti-Semitic, and I understand why you put in the rest of the creed. You left out though that during the council of Nicea that Yeshua (Jesus) was voted in as god, and was not believed to be by many believers at the time. You can follow your god Jesus Christ and keep from knowing the truth. Jesus was not the name of the Messiah, first of all the letter “J” has been in the English language for less than 500 years. Next the translation from Hebrew to Greek was a poor one, “Ieasua” would have been a better translation, but to understand the culture, ending a male name in a “A” made it feminine and was an insult to any male. By placing a “us” or “s” made it masculine. The letter “J” came from the Roman language and “Ieasus” became Jesus. I am sure his parents did not give him a Roman name. Next the keeping of the Torah. Torah is translated as Law, without truly studying, you come up with the same conclusion. The word Torah means “Instructions” or “Teachings”, and for people believing that Paul taught against the Law. Study Acts 21, had to prove that he was not teaching against Torah. Yeshua (Jesus)did not teach against Torah, if he had he couldn’t have been the Messiah. If you say Paul taught against it, then if you follow Paul you have claimed him a Messiah. The Torah is God’s Instruction book for us to live a life full of joy and contentment, remember, “obedience is better than sacrifice.” Being obedient to God’s word is very important. You may say that was for the Jews. Did you know that half the people that came out of the land of Egypt, were Gentile and excepted the God of Abraham, Issac and Jacob and said that they would keep the same instructions as the Hebrew nation. You cannot understand scripture with a Greek-Western mind set, you need to understand as a Hebrew. The words in Hebrew have a different meaning than what we understand in English. Constantine may have been Christian, I don’t know, but I do know that he rejected everything that was Jewish, and started a different belief system than that of the believing Jews at the time. You can possibly say that he started Christianity a set up a lot of the major beliefs of the religion of both Catholic and Protestants. Yeshua said: “For verily I say unto you, Till heaven and earth pass , one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass from the law, till all be fulfilled.”

    • Again, thanks for commenting. Some of these assertions really are worth addressing, though…

      Jesus was not “voted in as God”. There are early (2nd Century) records of a letter from a Roman governor who doesn’t understand it, but says that Christians pray to Jesus “as to a god”

      The number of Arians was actually very few at Nicea, as the historical records readily show.

      Jesus would have been known by his name, which probably sounded something like “yeshua”. That’s really not relevant. John the Baptist would have been known as “Yacov”, after all.

      The letter “j” is not relevant. Do you realise that when the King James Bible was translated to English, many words were spelt differently. “Love” was spelt “loue”, for example. It makes no difference. We all know who we mean when we say, “Jesus”.

      Constantine did not reject anything Jewish, and did not start anything new. He became a Christian and decriminalised it. He arranged for all the bishops to meet, to resolve a couple of arguments that had been going on about Christology, the dating of Passover, and canon.

      Theodosius, many decades later, is the one who outlawed all religions other than Christianity, including Judaism.

      • Paul says:

        Kevin,
        All the Bishops that were invited, were from the Eastern Church, Rome and from other parts of the kingdom, except no Jewish bishop was invited to the meeting. The creed is plain and simple to what he said or had others write. but ultimately the council did not talk about the dating of Passover, (which is called Easter)after a Pagan Goddess. They also deliberated over the Deity of Yeshua. Constantine called the meeting because of all the chaos that was going on in the kingdom due to the belief of Arius and Athanius, and used the time to take care of a few other matters. Constantine if you say was a Christian, but would a Christian do to his family what Constantine did to his after he said he believed in Messiah? But for the records that were from the 2nd century, just because a Governor stated that they prayed to Jesus as praying to a god, does not make him Deity.

      • It is worth repeating here that the “creed” above has nothing whatsoever to do with Constantine.

        I’m mystified as to why Jewish leaders should be invited to a council of Christian Bishops… Judaism, by that time, had been wiped out with the Temple, and reinvented as a different religion from that of the first century.

        But the dating of Passover most certainly was discussed. The name “Easter” was not known at that time, and is an old Germanic reference to the month in which Passover fell. Any supposed links to a pagan goddess are just as much propaganda as the claim that the document above has something to do with Constantine.

        In pretty much all the languages other than English, the Christian celebration is known by a word like “pascha”, derived from Passover. Only in English did another word become more popular. Most Christians in the world do *not* speak English. The name “Easter” is not a departure from Passover. It is the name of a month in an ancient calendar.

      • Paul says:

        Kevin
        Don’t be mystified about them not asking Jewish Bishops not Jewish leaders. There were Jewish believers at the time, not unless the so called Christian church eliminated them. Before you start using Hebrew words, I am a Jewish Believer and understand Hebrew words. I use words that you are more familiar with, such as Easter, “Pasach” does mean Passover. There is a letter translated into English that was written by Constantine called, Letter on the Keeping of Easter (Found in Eusebius, Vita Const., Lib. iii., 18-20.). It is essentially a letter which was sent to those who could not attend the Council of Nicaea asking them to consider coming up with a method of determining when the year began. This was important because Passover, which he calls the “holiest of all feasts” in this letter, is 14 days into the New Year. The Greek word Pascha, which is a transliteration of the Hebrew Pesach, what we call Passover, is the word which appears in his letter but is translated into English as Easter. Simply put, it is a Letter on the Keeping of Passover. And we know unleavened bread is used frequently during Passover, which would clearly contradict this creed all the more. If you do study your Bible, one of Salomon’s sin’s was worshiping the Goddess Ashtoreth, (Ishtar, Easter) so the term is well known through out history but used in different terms. The original “Brit Hadasha” was written in Aramaic, and not in the Greek that most scholars use today. Meanings in Greek are not the same in Aramaic. Aramaic was the street language of the Jewish people, just as Spanish (in Spain) was the street language, they would not speak Hebrew but only in the Temple, Hebrew is the Holy Language. The Jewish language today is nothing as the old biblical language of the Hebrews. If Constantine did not anything to do with this, why is it attributed to him? To You a Jew would except a man as God, but as a Jew to serve a man is Paganism. God cannot become man.

      • Thank you Paul. You have just repeated what I said…

        Of course “the creed” above has nothing to do with Constantine. Any inconsistency between it and Constantine’s willingness to observe Passover should help to make that plain. It is not “Constantine’s Creed”.

        As you say, Constantine and all Christians celebrate the death and Resurrection at Passover. As the tradition has been translated into other languages, either transliteration has produced words like “pascha”, just as you say, or in the case of English (which didn’t even exist for a thousand years after Constantine), the Old High German name of the month Oestre was used, because that was the month when Passover occurred.

        The vague coincidental phonetic similarity between “Easter” and “Ashtoreth” is as far as the link goes. The two are completely unrelated. The month of Oestre has no link to the ancient deity Ashtoreth (except on anti-Christian propaganda websites, of course). Oestre (the month), is named after a deity which could even have originated in a work of fiction for all we know, but even if she was a deity once worshipped, that would mean “Easter” is about as pagan as “Thursday”, which is named after the god “Thor”.

        The amount of pseudo-historical anti-Christian propaganda that gets about the internet can be overwhelming, I know. But just a little bit of checking can help to sift the wheat from the chaff. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C4%92ostre

        As for the absence of believing Jews, I don’t know who told you that they were absent. Where does that assertion come from? Macarius, the Bishop of Jerusalem attended, for example. Can you be so sure he was not a Jewish believer? http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Macarius_of_Jerusalem

    • Incidentally, you may be interested in some other articles on this site. Here’s one in particular you may find helpful:

      A look at what Jesus and his followers were saying that so confused the Jews – they were saying that Second-Temple Judaism had misunderstood what Moses had written: The Fundamentals of Christianity, as encoded in the Writings of Moses

  3. Esther Wiltshire says:

    No person is allowed to add or take away ANYTHING from King YHVH’s words and instructions lest ALL the plagues of the Book befall him/her.

    What utter wickedness to play down the blatant blasphemy, rebellion and iniquity of the sworn worshipper of the “venerable Sun” – Constantine. Until his death EVERY coin minted under Constantine’s reign was minted with the latin inscription stating that all honour goes to the…. SUN. He was a sworn and devoted Sun / Baal worshipper all his life.

    Leviticus and Deuteronomy states explicitly that there is just ONE law for all – the Israelite and the stranger. Plus that this law and all Sabbath are instituted for all eternity.

    Yeshua did not keep all the laws neither could he ever because he was neither a woman nor a Levite priest hence He could NEVER keep those. The argument that he came to fulfill all of the laws and hence abolish is also rubbish. He even declared ouright that He fid NOT come to abolish.

    The biggest personal sacrifice an individual Israelite can bring is the sacrifice to end a Nazarene vow. Read Leviticus and see that at least three animals are sacrificed plus a list of other goods that are prescribed. In Acts when Rav Shaul ended his Nazarene vow he used the opportunity to make VERY VERY sure that everybody could witness publicly that he unconditionally submitted himself to every aspect of the law – by bringing the prescribed sacrifice publicly in the temple not only for himself BUT ALSO FOR FOUR OTHERS.

    When YHVH instituted the Sabbath He immediately demonstrated His own obedience to His own laws. He NEVER violates ANY of His laws. Ueshua states repeatedly that if you love Him then follow….. His commandments.

    Scripture states that NOBODY has seen YHVH and lived. Then who did Adam and Eve saw each day in the Garden? Who visited Avraham? Who was with Daniel in the fire? And who then gave, instructed and trained Moses and the 70 elders on the mountain in the laws? That was Yeshua hence Him saying “If you love me then keep MY commandments”.

    Yes He was perfectly entitled to make that claim since they were His Commandments all along. He is so serious about His commandments and obedience to it that He caused severe punishment on Israel and they went into dispersion several times. Why would He then suddenly change His mind – He the ONE IN WHOM THERE IS NOT EVEN A SHADOW OF CHANGE – to suddenly come and abolish that which He repeatedly ststed as being valid for …..EVER???????

    In Exodus He states ecplicitly that THE SABBATH BELONGS TO HIM. He also states that the Sabbath is the SIGN OF HIS COVENANT. There is not a single scripture even hinting at Yeshua or any of His talmidim either breaking the laws of the Sabbath, or teaching others to do so nor is there ANY scripture where YHVH revoked ANY of His Sabbaths or to give any other sign for His covenant with us.

    By the Sabbath that you keep you clearly proclaim the sign of the God whom you serve be it the sign of the God of Abraham Isaac and Jacob or be it the sign of Baal the Sun God.

    • Thank you for taking the time to comment.

      Of course, the point is that this “Constantinian Creed” actually has nothing to do with Constantine. I think it’s important to hold that in perspective.

      It might also be worth noting that the Sabbath, which most certainly is integral to the Sinai Covantant, was explicitly only given to the Israelites (“He has revealed his word to Jacob, his laws and decrees to Israel. He has done this for no other nation; they do not know his laws.” – Ps 147:19-20)

      The first Christian apostles were teaching Christian converts to become like Abraham was when he was found righteous by God – there was no circumcision, no dietary restriction, no Sabbath, and no mandatory sacrifices at that time (Genesis 15). Jews have often mistaken this for Christians “abolishing” things, but that is not what’s happening.

      It’s not that Christians are abolishing anything. Rather, the Jewish insistance on the Sinai Covenant as a requirment in order for a person to be found righteous is a kind of replacement-theology. As the New Testament puts it, “My point is this: the law, which came four hundred thirty years later, does not annul a covenant previously ratified by God, so as to nullify the promise.” – Gal 3:17

      Abraham did not require any of the Sinai Laws to be considered righteous, and we are given to be “sons of Abraham”. We should seek, therefore, to be justified before God on the same grounds as Abraham – the grounds that we believe the promise of God. You may find this post on a related subject interesting: Christian Assurance Apart from the Law: A Defense against the Judaisers

      • Paul says:

        You are right,the Sabbath is for the people of Israel and for no other nation, because they are His people. The sign that He placed between Israel and Himself.

        The Constantine Creed as you say “Has nothing to do with Constantine”, though he did not write it, he accepted as a creed of the new religion of christianity that was created and accepted.

        If the first christians were teaching converts to be like Abraham why were they called Abrahamites or children of Abraham. Maybe there was the Circumcision at the time, if you read the Torah you will see hints of it. But if you never study Torah you will think that it is not there. If there was no Dietary restrictions, why did G-d tell Noah about the clean and unclean animals. If you study Torah closely you will see that Abraham, Issac and Jacob honored Shabbat. If there were no mandatory sacrifices at the time, how did Adam, Cain, Abel, Noah, Abraham, Issac and Jacob know how to sacrifice and how to prepare it. The problem with christianity is they will never study Torah, and come up with their own conclusions about things.

        Do you even understand why they call G-d, “The G-d of Abraham, Issac and Jacob”? Until you can understand that you cannot understand anything else. Abraham believed in the One True G-d and not in a trinity or any other thing for that matter, that is one reason he is called righteous.

      • Thanks for taking the time to engage with this subject, Paul.

        The “Constantinian Creed” was not invented until hundreds of years after Constantine died. He did not “accept it”. In fact, under Constantine there were no religious restrictions on non-Christians at all, including Jews.

        I can only repeat the story as Moses told it: When Abraham was found righteous he was uncircumcised, had never been told to restrict his diet, and had never heard of a “Sabbath”. You may think differently, but I’m repeating what Moses wrote. If you can point to a single “hint” that he observed Sabbath I would be surprised, because he had absolutely no reason to.

        You ask about the sacrifices: Cain, Abel and Noah were all vegetarians. They had not even dreamed of eating the animals they were sacrificing until after the flood in Genesis 9 when God gave them “everything that creeps on the ground” as well as birds, fish, animals, etc. This means that “clean and unclean” has nothing to do with food. It is about designating what is acceptable for sacrifice. The Arabic words “Halal” and “Haram” are equivalent.

        Please indicate, in the Bible, where God demanded or required that people make sacrifices before the Sinai Covenant. I can’t find it. That would help me a lot.

        Doesn’t it make one pause to think that at Sinai, God was referring to himself as “the God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob”… none of whom had dietary restrictions, mandatory sacrifices, temple, or Sabbath…?

        I assure you I have studied Torah. I have a theology degree. I keep pointing out what the Bible actually says, and I am told that I should instead look for “hints” which contradict the plain text!

      • Paul Romero says:

        That is good that you went to school and have a theology degree. I was a ordained minister, and now am a licensed Rabbi. But that is all knowledge. The scripture you refer to as being counted as righteousness, is written “and he believed God, and it was counted to him as righteousness”. It was not his belief in God, rather his belief in what God told him that made him righteous.

      • I totally agree.

        And God told him about a promise – land, in particular. That promise was later understood beyond physical territory, to refer to “peace”, or more completely, “shalom”.

        The way Moses tells the story, nobody who received the law at Mt Sinai entered God’s shalom except Joshua and Caleb. Even Moses did not enter into it. Why? Because at the brink of the promise they failed to believe what God had told them. It made no difference if they observed Sabbath or not.

        Abraham is the patriarch and our example. He was an uncircumcised Chaldean who had never heard of Sabbath when God declared him righteous. Why does Moses tell us this? Because righteousness does not come from the law.

      • Paul says:

        I understand what you are saying but, G-d told him about the land after he counted what G-d had said for righteousness. If you please do not try to place about the land before the counting of righteousness, because you are playing with scripture. If you are going to take things as a literal sense try not to read more into it.

        If you say you study Torah often, you would not make that mistake, and also Torah does not give righteousness. Psalms 119:172 “My tongue shall speak of Your word, For all Your commandments are righteousness.” (KJV). You have to understand as well as every Jewish person does, Torah does not mean Law, it means Teachings or Instructions. They understand they don’t receive righteousness by following a law, but follow G-ds instructions for a good and healthy life. As Rav Shaul stated “obedience is better than Sacrifice.” The Jewish people never needed a sacrifice to forgive sin. They just needed to repent and follow G-ds word.

      • God had promised the land, through a son, back in chapter 12. That was what Abraham was “believing”, despite being old and having a barren wife. I’m not sure how that can be described as “playing with scripture”. Its all very straightforward from chapter 12 through 15 of Genesis.

        I understand the principle of “instructions” as opposed to the Sinai laws completely. That’s the point. The instructions given to Abraham were sufficient.

      • Paul Romero says:

        I’m sorry, but the problem is that you don’t think like a Jew.You still have a Greek mentality. All of scripture was written by Jews for Jews. Our mind set is different from any other on earth. G-d does want Gentles to live according to the Noadic laws, but not Israel, they are His and His alone. The Noadic laws state, to believe in one G-d not a triune one but one.

      • Thanks for your thoughts. I’m able to read what the book actually says, so I’ve got plenty to go on. Does thinking “like a Jew” mean changing what Moses so carefully recorded? I’m repeating Moses’ teachings. Why contradict him?

        It is all written plainly enough for both Jews and non-Jews to read. Everyone is entitled to draw their own conclusions about what it says, but it does still say what it says, and that’s not negotiable.

        At least we agree on the main things – the Gentiles are only required to abide by the Noahic covenant, as was Abraham. That’s what the New Testament says too. That’s also what I’ve been saying, and yet I’m being told I’m wrong?

        God obviously requires no more than the Noahic obligations. Abraham is proof of that. That’s why the Jerusalem council also agreed to burden the believers no more than that in Acts 15… because Moses taught this!

      • Paul Romero says:

        Do you read or write biblical Hebrew? Hebrew has more meaning than what English will ever be able to make its interpretation clearly. But they argued because they believed they should become Jews, but what most people don’t understand is what Jesus’s last word’s were to his disciples, he told them to go to the Jewish nation, and I don’t serve a G-d that changes,so if you believe G-d changes and said the Gentiles came into covenant with Him is questionable remember the Gentiles are grafted into the vine of the Hebrew and not the other way around. Paul spoke many things, and most Christians quote him as he was the Messiah. But understanding like a Jew you will never understand. Thank you!

      • This is the kind of strange response I get when I talk about what the Bible plainly says. I’m told to ignore it and instead look at “hints”. I’m told I lack a “Jewish mind”, which would allow me to understand the text to mean something other than what it says. I’m told that reading it in Hebrew makes the meaning completely different.

        Unfortunately all of those arguments are untenable. I am happy to go word-by-word through the Hebrew in any verse where you suggest the Hebrew says something different to the English sufficiently to change the meaning of a passage. For example, is there a Hebrew phrase which makes Genesis chapter 15 come before chapter 12? Or Mt Sinai before Abraham?

        I agree that Gentiles are grafted into the vine, but that vine is not from Moses. It is from Abraham, and Christ is the seed to whom the promises of that vine belong. Every essential matter of faith predates Mt Sinai, predates Moses, and even predates circumcision.

        No wonder a “Jewish mind” finds it scandalous. The “Jewish mind” apparently does not believe Moses. To believe Moses is to understand the New Testament.

      • Paul Romero says:

        I do not want to argue. But as I said before you will never understand. We believe Moshe a National revelation, rather than G-d speaking to an individual. If I would ask you to give me one messianic prophecy your Jesus fulfilled, that are truly messianic rather than the made up one’s, you couldn’t. Because Jesus did not fulfill any of them. You may argue and say he will fulfill those on his return, but where in scripture (the TANAK) does it say the Messiah will come twice? I can not tell you what to believe, but all I can tell you is as a Gentile, keep the Noadic law and be happy. Jewish people do not look for people to convert to Judaism, we know that the covenant G-d made with us is a eternal one. Rabbi Yeshua came to bring that message to the lost and poor. Jesus stated “I have come for the lost sheep of Israel.” His message was for the Jewish people.”

        Have a great day,and may God so richly bless you in what you deserve.

      • I have not asked you to argue, so please don’t feel compelled to do so. In fact I have not asked for a conversation at all. This is my blog site where I post my thoughts and I have generously hosted your comments also, and even responded to them out of a sense of service to you.

        Thank you for that rather limited “blessing”, which actually appears to be a veiled curse… I do understand that this is the best you can manage, convinced as you are that as a Gentile I am a second-class human. Of course, as a gentile I am exactly like Abraham who did not get what he “deserved”, but what was promised and believed. It was those who received the law that perished in the wilderness for unbelief and rebellion… at least, according to Moses…

        I am not interested in converting to Judaism, and I have no desire to convert you from it. I am only interested in truth. It is folly to discuss “messianic prophecy” in the text if you are not prepared to actually read the text and accept what it says. Whatever you think of messianic prophecy will, like your views expressed so far, be informed by sources outside the text, “hints” of things you bring to the text yourself, and a “Jewish mind”, which apparently comprehends language in some alternative way as to change the meaning.

        I don’t want to upset your faith, which seems to be a strong set of convictions. It just obviously contradicts the writings of Moses and of the New Testament writers, so I’m not equipped to engage with it. I will just restrict my comments to what the text says.

        If you’d like to discuss what the text actually does say, we will have some common ground for a conversation. Otherwise I wish you well in your faith journey wherever it leads.

    • Thank you for your interest in the subject, Esther.

      To just touch on some of the points you raise, I would encourage you to look at context when making observations like “Deuteronomy states explicitly that there is just ONE law for all – the Israelite and the stranger”. Of course it does, but the context is life within the covenant community of Israel. That law was never designed for others, as scripture says:

      “He has revealed his word to Jacob, his laws and decrees to Israel. He has done this for no other nation; they do not know his laws. Praise the Lord.” – Ps 147:19-20. Sabbath, and the whole Sinai Covenant, was exclusive to the Israelites who emerged from Egypt. It never affected any of the patriarchs and they had not even heard of some of it’s most distinctive elements – Sabbath, Temple, etc.

      But this is a post about Constantine. He became a Christian, as it is well documented. He wan’t well educated in theology, but he did convert, and he set about to decriminalise Christianity and commend it to his subjects. He did not, however, ban or attack Judaism. These are historical facts. People have tried, with fradulent documents like the one I cite above, to claim Constantine was something else, but any sensible assessment of the data shows that those claims are specious.

  4. Pharaoh says:

    The larger point is that in the end Constantine tried to convert Jews to wicked Christianity and faith in a false Trinity. Knowing that Christians exsisted long before “Jesus” and were pagan in origin flies right past most academically dishonest Edomites. Constantine, and Edomite and descendant of Esau and Idemea saught to change the legacy of the true Hebrew. Iconoclasm being an hidden weapon against the original Jew by the Greeks, He took to new heights with the establishment and legitimization of the RCC, the seat of HaSatan and Sun worship disguised Sunday Convocation.

    The True people of The Most High YHWH (Yod, Hei, Waw, Hei) know what the Edomite nations have been doing for the last Three thousand years. We simply had no way to do anything about it, until NOW!

    The last captivity of Yisrael is coming to a close and Matah Yahawadah will be returend to the holy land by Ha Masiach. So Constantine creed or no creed the prophesy will be fulfilled.

    Ask yourself, is trying to steal your birth rite back from Yacob really going to stop what The Most High has said will come to pass? When The Most High lifted up Pharoah so that no man could destroy him, he did it so that his Shem (fame/name) would go throughout the world. I believe you don’t see he is doing it again! Who will he destroy above all mankind to ensure his Shem is be proclaimed throughout all the world?

    Edom be careful. This could be your final warning.

    • I thank you for making a contribution to the conversation. I admit that it is virtually unintelligible, but the parts I can understand I can comment on.

      It bears mentioning (again) that Constantine merely decriminalised Christianity. He did nothing to Jews, nor Judaism. So that really can’t be “the larger point”, I’m afraid. I suggest that the larger point is that this document has been deceptively modified to make it appear to be something it is not, and has been falsely ascribed to Constantine.

      There can be no such thing as a “Christian before Jesus”. Christians take their title from “Christ”, specifically Jesus, the Christ. Many Christians were of pagan origin, of course, and that’s an important feature of Christianity – that God is not the God only of the Jews, but of the whole world. Whether someone was a pagan or a Jew before they were a Christian does not affect their status as a Christian. If we are to take monotheism seriously, then the one God must god of all, not just the god of the Jews.

      It may be helpful to note that Sunday convocation is a celebration of the Ressurection, an historical event locatable on the calendar as happening on the morning of the day after the weekly Sabbath. It has nothing to do with any sun god, except that it happens to fall on the same weekday, but then, *every* weekday was associated with some Greco-Roman god or other.

      As for Esau’s birthright, it has nothing to do with me. I am not descended from Esau, nor from Abraham as far as I can tell. I simply share Abraham’s faith – the faith which God affirmed as righteousness while Abram was yet an uncircumcised pagan from Ur of the Chaldeans. That is my connection to the story of Israel, just as it is for any non-Jewish Christian. It has nothing to do with Esau.

      Your concern for YHWH’s Shem being proclaimed throughout the world is ironic. This is something Christianity has done and Judaism has not. Christianity has spread the Israel story and its associated monotheism across the globe, including the Shema itself. Indeed it was Christian powers which recreated the modern state of Israel, post WWII.

      I’m not sure who the “Edomite nations” are supposed to be so I can’t comment on that. I am unaware of any nation on earth being defined according to its genealogy any more, including Israel, in fact, let alone Esau. So I don’t know who is being “warned” here.

      Thanks again for taking part in the conversation.

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